Maleic Anhydride

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Vapors cause severe eye irritation; photophobia and double vision may occur. Reacts exothermically with water or steam. Data, , 8, p.

News 42 8 ; 41 ]. Maleic anhydride is known as an excellent dienophile in the Diels-Alder reaction to produce phthalate ester derivatives. These reactions can be extremely violent, as in the case of 1-methylsilacyclopentadiene [J.

Production of Maleic Anhydride

Maleic anhydride undergoes a potentially explosive exothermic Diels-Alder reaction with 1-methylsilacyclopenta-2,4-diene at C [Barton, T. Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic Unsaturated Anhydrides. The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. ERG, Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.

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Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Do not get water inside containers. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.

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All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk.

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A vapor-suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material.

Maleic Anhydride

Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. Use clean, non-sparking tools to collect material and place it into loosely covered plastic containers for later disposal. Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact. Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.

Maleic Anhydride

Remove: Work clothing that becomes wet or significantly contaminated should be removed and replaced. Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift. Provide: Eyewash fountains should be provided in areas where there is any possibility that workers could be exposed to the substance; this is irrespective of the recommendation involving the wearing of eye protection. NIOSH, EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center.

Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. NO open flames. Closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust. First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes remove contact lenses if easily possible , then refer for medical attention. Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink.


Maleic Anhydride

Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention. Personal protection: face shield, thermal gloves, chemical protection suit and particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. See Notes. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Reacts with strong bases and strong oxidants.